Wool's scaling and crimp make it easier to spin and felt the fleece. They help the individual fibers attach to each other so that they stay together. Because of the crimp, wool fabrics have a greater bulk than other textiles and retain air, which causes the product to retain heat. Insulation also works both ways; bedouins and tuaregs use wool clothes to keep the heat out.
The amount of crimp corresponds to the thickness of the wool fibers. A fine wool like merino may have up to a hundred crimps per inch, while the coarser wools like karakul may have as few as one to two crimps per inch.
Hair, by contrast, has little if any scale and no crimp and little ability to bind into yarn. On sheep, the hair part of the fleece is called kemp. The relative amounts of kemp to wool vary from breed to breed, and make some fleeces more desirable for spinning, felting or carding into batts for quilts or other insulating products.
Wool is generally a creamy white color, although some breeds of sheep produce natural colors such as black, brown, silver and random mixes.
The United Nations (UN) is an international organization whose stated aims are to facilitate cooperation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress and human rights issues.
The United Nations was founded in 1945 to replace the League of Nations, in the hope that it would intervene in conflicts between nations and thereby avoid war. The organization began with fifty countries signing the United Nations Charter. The organization's structure still reflects in some ways the circumstances of its founding. The five permanent members of the UN Security Council, each of which has veto power on any Security Council resolution, are the main victors of World War II or their successor states (alphabetical order): the People's Republic of China (which replaced the Republic of China in 1971); France; Russia (which replaced the Soviet Union in 1991); the United Kingdom; and the United States.
There are currently 192 United Nations member states, encompassing almost every recognized independent state. From its headquarters in New York City, the UN and its specialized agencies decide on substantive and administrative issues in regular meetings held throughout each year. The organization is divided into administrative bodies, including the General Assembly, Security Council, Economic and Social Council, Secretariat, and the International Court of Justice (ICJ). Additional bodies deal with the governance of all other UN System agencies, such as the World Health Organization (WHO) and United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF). The UN's most visible public figure is the Secretary-General. The current Secretary-General is Ban Ki-moon of South Korea, who assumed the post on 1 January 2007.
Estefan's first public musical performance was at a large Cuban wedding when her future husband, Emilio Estefan, Jr., asked her to join Miami Sound Machine in singing.
Her appearance was well-received and, a few weeks later, she became the lead singer for Miami Sound Machine, which performed and recorded in Spanish in the early years of its existence. The Miami Sound Machine soon gained a large fan base and released an LP in 1977. It was the first all-Spanish album from CBS International.
With Estefan on vocals, The Miami Sound Machine had its first English-language hit with "Dr. Beat," which topped the dance charts across Europe, from the album Eyes of Innocence, in 1984. Primitive Love was released in 1986; "Conga", "Bad Boy", and "Words Get in the Way" were crossover hits. The song "Hot Summer Nights" was also released that year and was part of the blockbuster movie Top Gun.
Estefan's next album, 1988's Let It Loose, went multi-platinum, with several million copies sold and the following hits: "Anything For You" (#1 Pop), "1,2,3" (#3 Pop), "Rhythm Is Gonna Get You" (#5 Pop), and "Can't Stay Away From You" (#6 Pop and #1 Adult/Contemporary).
このアルバムではBAD BOY と CONGAがメジャーなヒット。次のアルバムがホントは乗りもいいしイキイキした感じが出てるけど、今日はこのあたりで。気分を高めつつ。仕事をしてます。(まだやってんだよ！）
そんなワタクシの今の気分はこちら are you experienced ? / the jimi hendrix experience ジミヘンのアルバムで最初に買ったのがこれ。かなり聞き込んだ愛聴盤！ 随分と後になってから“are you experienced ?”のイントロがPharcydeの“Passing me by”に使われてたのを発見。カンドー的な出会いでした。そして一時期ヒップホップ／アシッドジャズに傾倒していた私はまたしてもヘビーなこのアルバムに舞い戻ったのでした。
Are You Experienced
Main article: Are You Experienced (album) The first Jimi Hendrix Experience album, Are You Experienced, was released in the UK on May 12, 1967. It contained no previous UK singles or any B sides ("Hey Joe/Stone Free," "Purple Haze/51st Anniversary" and "The Wind Cries Mary/Highway Chile"). Only The Beatles' Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band prevented Are You Experienced from reaching No. 1 on the UK charts.
At this time, the Experience extensively toured the United Kingdom and parts of Europe . This allowed Hendrix to develop his stage presence, which reached a high point on March 31, 1967 when he set his guitar on fire. Later, after he had caused damage to amplifiers and other stage equipment at his shows, Rank Theatre management warned him to "tone down" his stage act. On June 4, 1967, the Experience played their last show in England, at London's Saville Theatre, before heading off to America. The Sgt. Pepper's album and single had just been released days prior, and two Beatles (Paul McCartney and George Harrison) were in attendance at the show, along with a roll call of other UK rock stardom: Brian Epstein, Eric Clapton, Spencer Davis, Jack Bruce, and pop singer Lulu. In a courageous and brilliant display, Jimi chose to open the show with his own rendition of "Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band", crafted minutes before taking the stage.
Months later, Reprise Records released the US version of Are You Experienced, removing "Red House," "Remember" and "Can You See Me" to make room for the first three UK single A-sides. Where the UK album kicked off with "Foxy Lady," the American one started with "Purple Haze". The UK and US versions both offered a startling introduction to the Jimi Hendrix Experience, and the album was a blueprint for what had become possible on the electric guitar.
そんななかでイチバンスキなのは“on any other day” ギターのカットが冴えまくる。アンディーやるなぁ。
Reggatta de Blanc is the second album by The Police, released in 1979 (see 1979 in music).
"Message in a Bottle", a Sting-penned song about alienation, opens the album. It is followed by "Regatta de Blanc", the album's instrumental, and one of the few songs written by all members of the Police; the instrumental piece came from the long instrumental break in the live performance of "Can't Stand Losing You" and earned the band the 1981 Grammy Award for Best Rock Instrumental Performance. "It's Alright For You" is a driving punk-ish song featuring strong guitar and drum parts. The next three tracks, "Bring on the Night", "Deathwish", and "Walking on the Moon" all have a strong reggae feel to them. "On Any Other Day" features a rare lead vocal from Stewart Copeland, and is a humorous take on a middle-aged man's mid-life crisis. "The Bed's Too Big Without You", an empty-feeling return to reggae follows. "Contact" and "Does Everyone Stare" are a pair of songs dealing with the connection, or lack thereof, between two individuals. The frenetic "No Time This Time" closes the album.
The album took only a few weeks (spaced over several months) to record, but unlike its successor Zenyatta Mondatta, there was no pressure on the band. As Stewart Copeland describes it, "We just went into the studio and said, 'Right, who's got the first song?' We hadn't even rehearsed them before we went in."
The album continued to build on the success of the band's previous record, Outlandos D'Amour, hitting #1 on the UK charts upon its release in October 1979. "Message in a Bottle" and "Walking on the Moon" were released as singles and both reached number one in Great Britain. In 2003, the album was ranked number 369 on Rolling Stone magazine's list of the 500 greatest albums of all time.
1976年にジェネレーションXを結成し、1978年にアルバムGENERATION X でデビュー。イギリスでかなりの成功を収めるが1981年に解散。
1982年、アルバムBILLY IDOLでソロデビュー。WHITE WEDDINGやDANCING WITH MYSELFのビデオがMTVで大受け。1983年に発表したアルバムREBEL YELL が数百万枚のセールスを上げスーパースターとなる。
Rebel Yell is the second album by British rocker Billy Idol, released in 1984 (see 1984 in music). "Eyes Without a Face" and "Flesh for Fantasy" had hit videos on MTV. The album reunited the hit-making team of Billy Idol, Steve Stevens and Keith Forsey, after their success with Idol's solo debut, Billy Idol (1982).
In 1999, EMI re-issued the album as part of their "Expanded" series. The new version of the album included previously unreleased bonus tracks and expanded liner notes.
“I think the jazz defektors are original. Very original style. I think ,I'll see..... You've got to see them live as will,too,You will really appreciate it. They're still very raw as well,which I think is a really good thing....quite a lot of rough edges."
Björk returned to the studio during 1994 to work on her next solo album with Nellee Hooper, Tricky, Graham Massey of 808 State, and electronic music producer Howie B. The album, Post, contained songs based on Björk's relationships and songs about love (one of her favorite subjects), as well as some angry and confrontational material. Like "Debut," it was a collection partly made up of songs she had written in past years.
Audio samples of Björk "Crying" (file info) from Debut - Though Björk's early solo work are all firmly rooted in dance, her vocal phrasing was already distinct and unusual. "Isobel" (file info) from Post - This song, from Björk's sophomore album, sees her accentuating her pop sensibility. Post would allow her to experiment with genres ranging from trip-hop to 40s Pop. "Hunter" (file info) from Homogenic - A clip from Björk's third solo studio album, here she plants herself firmly within electronica. "Unison" (file info) from Vespertine - As Björk's sound evolved, she has shown a tendency towards minimalism. Problems playing the files? See media help. She wrote the song "Bedtime Story" for Madonna's 1994 album Bedtime Stories (parts of which Björk reused in her own song "Sweet Intuition", released as a b-side on the 'Army Of Me' single) and performed on MTV Unplugged during this time. By 1995, the new album Post was ready; it was released in June, reaching number two on the UK's album charts, and also went platinum in the United States. January of 1997 saw the release of Telegram, an album of uncharacteristic remixes of songs from Post.
Our Favourite Shop is the third album from the band The Style Council. It was released in the USA as Internationalists by Geffen Records.
Lyrical targets include racism, excessive consumerism, the effects of self-serving governments, and what the band saw as an exasperating lack of opposition to the status quo. All of this pessimism is countered with an overarching sense of hope and delight that alternatives do actually exist -- if only they can be seen.
The contained musical styles are also far-ranging. Soul, rap, jazz and rock stylings all occur on the album.
The Smashing Pumpkins is a popular American alternative rock band which formed in Chicago, Illinois in 1988.
Less influenced by punk rock than many of their contemporaries, the Pumpkins have a densely layered and guitar-heavy sound, containing elements of gothic rock, heavy metal, dream pop, psychedelic rock, progressive rock, shoegazer-style production and, in later recordings, electronica. The emotional tone of frontman Billy Corgan’s songwriting ranges from the angry (“Bullet with Butterfly Wings”), to dour (“Disarm”), to the jubilant (“Cherub Rock”).
Selling more than 40 million albums world-wide, the Smashing Pumpkins were one of the most commercially successful and critically acclaimed bands of the 1990s, but internal fighting, diminishing sales, and cultural vitality hampered the band in their later years, leading to a 2000 break-up. In April of 2006, the band officially announced they were reuniting and recording a new album.
Gling-Gló, released in 1990, is the only album by Björk Guðmundsdóttir & Tríó Guðmundar Ingólfssonar, consisting of Guðmundur Ingólfsson on piano, Guðmundur Steingrímsson on drums, and Þórður Högnason on bass. Gling-Gló is an Icelandic onomatopoeia whose English equivalent is "Ding Dong," or the sound that a bell makes.
This album was recorded on September 1st and 3rd of 1990 at Stúdio Sýrland. It was produced by Tómas Magnús Tómasson, the bassist of Stuðmenn, who also did the mix for this album.
Gling-Gló contains Icelandic themes, and most of the songs are sung in Icelandic. There are also three versions of English language songs by other artists: Björk sings in English “Ruby Baby,” by Jerry Leiber and Mike Stoller, and the jazz standard “I Can’t Help Loving That Man”, by Oscar Hammerstein II and Jerome Kern; and in Icelandic “Það Sést Ekki Sætari Mey”, which means in English “There Is No Sweeter Girl”, and is misattributed in the album notes and on the CD as having been written by "Rogers/Hammerstein", but is in reality a completely reworded cover of "You Can't Get A Man With A Gun" by Irving Berlin from the famous musical Annie Get Your Gun. There is also the Icelandic version of Sway, Í Dansi með Þér.
Tensions steadily mounted between Björk and Einar Örn, however, and by 1992 the Sugarcubes dissolved. Björk moved to London and began thinking about a solo career; to this end, she began working with producer Nellee Hooper, who had produced for Massive Attack, among others. Their partnership produced Björk's first international solo hit, "Human Behaviour". Her solo debut album, simply titled Debut, was released in June of 1993 to positive reviews; it was named album of the year by NME, and eventually went platinum in the United States. Debut was a mix of songs Björk had written since she was a teenager as well as newer lyrical collaborations with Hooper.
The success of Debut enabled her to collaborate with other artists on one-off tracks. She worked with David Arnold on "Play Dead", the theme to the 1993 film The Young Americans (which appeared as a bonus track on a re-release of Debut), collaborated on two songs for Tricky's Nearly God project, appeared on a track on the 1997 album Not For Threes by Plaid, which was released on the cult Warp Records label, and wrote the song "Bedtime Story" for Madonna's 1994 album Bedtime Stories
Last Splash is the second album by indie rock band The Breeders, released August 31, 1993 (see 1993 in music). Originally formed as a side project for the Pixies' bassist Kim Deal, The Breeders quickly became her primary recording outlet.
Last Splash peaked at #34 on Billboard's Billboard 200 album chart.
The song "Cannonball" has been used in countless movie previews, including South Park: Bigger, Longer, and Uncut and Dude, Where's My Car? The title of the album is taken from a lyric from the song "Cannonball".
やれやれ、やっとカタがつきそうなので仕事はおしまい。 そして今流れているのは the idiot / iggy pop ストゥージスの頃も『よい』のだけれど、深夜の放心状態に近いときはこちらがよろしいのではないでしょうか？ いまも、ズブズブにハマってます。 あ～も～やるきでね～。っつ―――――カンジ。
Pop was unhappy with RCA, however. He later admitted that he'd made TV Eye as a quick way of fulfilling his RCA contract and moving on elsewhere. This was Arista Records for which he released New Values in 1979. This album was something of a Stooges reunion, with James Williamson producing and latter-day Stooge Scott Thurston playing guitar and keyboards. Not surpisingly, the album's style veered back to the guitar sound of the Stooges. Although highly regarded by many Iggy fans -- some preferring it to the Bowie albums -- New Values was not a success, despite some strong material including "I'm Bored" and "Five Foot One".
The album was moderately successful in Australia, however, and this led to Pop's first visit there to promote it. While in Melbourne, Iggy made a memorable appearance on the ABC's nationwide pop show Countdown. During his anarchic performance of "I'm Bored", Iggy made no attempt to conceal the fact that he was miming, and he even tried to grab the teenage girls in the audience. An obviously 'wired' Iggy was also interviewed by host Ian Meldrum, an exchange which was frequently punctuated by Iggy jumping up and down on his chair and making loud exclamations of "G'day mate" in a mock Australian accent. Iggy's Countdown appearance is widely considered one of the highlights of the show's history and it cemented his popularity with Australian punk fans; since then he has often toured there.
While in Australia Pop was also the guest on a live late-night commercial TV interview show on the Ten Network. Iggy's wit and intelligence and his articulate manner confounded the panel of journalists, whose main purpose was asking about his drug use. It is not known whether a recording of this interview exists but the famous Countdown appearance has often been re-screened in Australia.
During the recording of Soldier (1980), Pop and Williamson quarrelled over production - the latter, apparently wanted a big, Phil Spector-type sound - and Williamson was fired. David Bowie appeared on the song Play It Safe on backing vocals with Simple Minds. The album and its follow-up Party (1981) were both commercial failures, and Pop was dropped from Arista. His drug habit varied in intensity, but remained.
さて、ついに日付がかわりそうであります。 まったくやんなるぜ！スタッフはほぼ帰ってしまい、あしたプレゼンのV○V○Eチームが徹夜か？という状況。 CDもチェンジして只今かかっているのはこれ。 mama said / lenny kravitz レニクラについては前にちょろっと書いたけど、わたしの中でベストはこちら。楽曲の豊かさ、バラエティーに富んだ展開、音のエフェクトの好み、テンポ、雰囲気、どれをとってもイチバンのお気に入りだ。
LENNY KRAVITZ: CRAZY SEXY COOL
Lenny says that his life today is about serenity. “Things have calmed down around me. I used to have a lot of people around, but not so much anymore. The few people that I have around me now add and multiply, and I’m extremely happy with where I am as a person and artist.” In conversations like these, Lenny often refers to his late mother, who died in 1995. “My mother was really into being real. She did not try to elevate herself in a pretentious way because she was on the top TV show, but that was her craft and she was who she was. When she started to make money and we moved to LA, we didn’t have a maid. My mom would be cleaning the house, and so would I, with her. She would say that the naked ‘me’ out of bed was who she was. That ‘me’ wasn’t Roxie Roker, the famous actress.”
Still, certain rock star episodes demonstrate that he is quite used to getting it his way, most of the time. Andelman told me about a documentary they shot a couple of years ago in Brazil. There were a million people assembled for Lenny on Copacabana beach, in the first of a series of free rock concerts organized by the city of Rio de Janeiro. (The Rolling Stones performed there in front of 1.5 million people last February.) The entire video production crew flew to Rio with a ton of equipment, and the idea was to capture a Lenny performance in an idyllic, tropical setting. Everything went well, and they filmed away for a couple of days.
Soul II Soul is a dancefunk/soul act that emerged at the end of the 80s from London. The group initially attracted attention as a "sound system," playing records at house and street parties (where their clothing style - dubbed "Funki Dred" - quickly made a splash, inspiring them to start a line of clothing). Founded by Jazzie B and featuring a changing roster of other musicians - notably Nellee Hooper and Caron Wheeler - Soul II Soul's experiments in music-making of their own resulted in the dub plate "Fairplay," which secured them a deal with Virgin Records. They had huge hits in 1989 with the singles "Keep on Movin'" and "Back to Life (However Do You Want Me)," both from their debut album Club Classics Vol. I. These songs (both featuring Wheeler on vocals) set the tone for early 90s mainstream dance music in the UK.
Their follow-up album, Vol. II: 1990 - A New Decade, yielded the hits "Get A Life" and "A Dream's A Dream," the latter featuring operatic vocals by Victoria Wilson-James. While their US following declined somewhat following its release, Soul II Soul continued to have hits in the UK, including 1992's top 10 single, "Joy."
Promise is the second album by the Nigerian-English songwriter, Sade. It was released in 1985 (see 1985 in music).
The major hits from this album was The Sweetest Taboo (US #5) and Never As Good As The First Time (US #20). Also Is It a Crime was released as a single. Whilst not as initially successful as her debut album Diamond Life, Promise became Sade's first album to top the charts in the UK, undoubtedly helped by an appearance at Live Aid and a cameo in the film Absolute Beginners.
Joplin was born at St. Mary Hospital in Port Arthur, Texas. The daughter of Seth Joplin, a worker at Texaco, she had two younger siblings, Michael and Laura. She grew up listening to blues musicians such as Bessie Smith, Odetta, and Big Mama Thornton and singing in the local choir. While at Thomas Jefferson High School, she was mostly shunned. Primarily a painter, it was in high school that she first began singing blues and folk music with friends. Joplin graduated in 1960 and went to college at the University of Texas in Austin, though she never attained a degree. While attending the University of Texas at Austin she was often referred to as the "ugliest man on campus."
Cultivating a rebellious manner that could be viewed as "liberated" — the women's liberation movement was still in its infancy at this time — Joplin styled herself in part after her female blues heroines, and in part after the beat poets. She left Texas for San Francisco in 1963, lived in North Beach and in Haight-Ashbury as well as Corte Madera. Around this time her drug use began to increase, and she acquired a reputation as a "speed freak" and occasional heroin user. She also used other intoxicants. She was a heavy drinker throughout her career, and her trademark beverage was Southern Comfort.
Janis Joplin on stage.Like many other female singers of the era, Janis' feisty public image was at odds with her real personality. The book Love, Janis, written by her sister, has done much to further the reassessment of her life and work and reveals the private Janis to have been a highly intelligent, articulate, shy and sensitive woman who was devoted to her family.
His 1989 debut album Let Love Rule was a moderate success, reaching #61 on the US Billboard album charts. The title track would reach #89 on the Billboard Hot 100 and #5 on the modern rock charts. The second single, "I Build This Garden For Us" reached #25 on the modern rock charts.
Kravitz gained greater recognition when Madonna reached number one with a cover version of his song, "Justify My Love" on her 1990 Immaculate Collection album. Kravitz's marriage to Lisa Bonet ended in the same year. He also briefly dated Madonna at this time.
literarische Bewegung des 20. Jahrhunderts, die sich vom
Der Surrealismus war eine künstlerische und psychoanalytischen Begriff des Unbewussten inspirieren ließ. In Bezug auf den Traum als Reservoir des Unbewussten, als originäre kreative Quelle bezog allerdings von Mitte bis Ende der 40er Jahre eine eher obskure Zürcher Künstlergruppe gänzlich andere Positionen als die Surrealisten. Die Bewegung der Surrealisten versuchte, das Unbewusste darzustellen, indem sie Traum und Realität miteinander verschmelzen ließ. Es werden absolut reale Dinge in völlig abstrusen Zusammenhängen dargestellt, so dass es dem Betrachter kaum mehr möglich ist zwischen Traum und Realität zu unterscheiden.
The terms alternative rock and alternative music (also simply called alternative) were coined in the 1980s to describe punk rock-inspired bands on independent record labels that didn't fit into the mainstream genres of the time. More specifically, it is made up mostly of genres that appeared in the 1980s and became popular or well known by the 1990s, such as indie rock, grunge, gothic rock, and college rock. Most alternative bands were unified by their collective debt to the style and/or ethos of punk, which laid the groundwork for alternative music in the 1970s. Though the genre is considered to be rock, some of its subgenres are influenced by folk music, reggae, electronic music and jazz among other genres. At times it has been used as catch-all phrase for rock music from underground artists in the 1980s and, ironically, for rock music in general in the 1990s and 2000s.
In September 2005, Westwood joined forces with the British civil rights group Liberty and launched exclusive limited design T-shirts and baby wear bearing the slogan I AM NOT A TERRORIST, please don't arrest me. Westwood said she was supporting the campaign and defending habeas corpus. "When I was a schoolgirl my history teacher, Mr. Scott, began to take classes in civic affairs. The first thing he explained to us was the fundamental rule of law embodied in habeas corpus. He spoke with pride of civilisation and democracy. The hatred of arbitrary arrest by the lettres de cachet of the French monarchy caused the storming of the Bastille. We can only take democracy for granted if we insist on our liberty", she said. The sale of the £50 T-shirts raised funds for the organisation.
Her Autumn/Winter 2005/06 Propaganda Collection drew inspiration from her archive, reinterpreting designs using Wolford’s exclusive knitting technology, who she has worked in close collaboration with since 2003.
Ce mouvement se caractérise par les prédominance du thème du déséquilibre en sculpture, en peinture, en littérature et en musique.
Ceci s'explique par les récentes découvertes de Copernic et de Galilée, qui contestent que la Terre soit le centre de l'univers et qui affirment qu'elle est ronde et qu'elle tourne autour du Soleil ; ces thèses contredisant l'idée couramment admise depuis des millénaires, une panique générale s'installe. On ne peut en effet avoir confiance en rien, même pas en la Terre que l'on a sous les pieds, tous les points de repères étant abolis. La meilleure représentation de cette idée est le groupe Apollon et Daphné du Bernin.
Art nouveau (Objectifs)
L'Art nouveau est le fait d'une génération d'artistes qui sortent de leur tour d'ivoire pour prendre en main le décor de la vie et couper avec l'exploitation des styles du passé afin de proposer une alternative à un historicisme officiel qui empêche le renouveau des formes.
C'est dans cette optique que les anciens matériaux comme le bois, la pierre ont été élégamment mariés avec les nouveaux comme l'acier, le verre. Pour chacun d'eux, des artistes ont poussé leurs recherches à l'extrême pour en tirer le meilleur. C'est ainsi que les pâtes de verres multicouches, les rampes d'escalier à entrelacs de ferronneries, les meubles aux ondulations de bois ont permis de mettre l'art à disposition de tous pour un coût abordable tout en gardant une volonté d'innovation formelle, inspirée de la nature.
In physics, a black body is a perfect absorber of light, but by a rule derived by Einstein it is also, when heated, the best emitter. Thus, the best radiative cooling, out of sunlight, is by using black paint, though it is important that it be black (a nearly perfect absorber) in the infrared as well.
In elementary science far Ultraviolet light is called "black light" because, unseen (per se), it causes many minerals and other substances to fluoresce.
Apparu en France vers 1700, le style se propage en Europe tout au long du XVIIIe siècle. Il trouve son apogée sous la Régence et surtout sous le règne de Louis XV, après l’austérité des dernières années du règne de Louis XIV. Il sera remplacé à partir de 1760 par le Néoclassicisme qui est, comme par un mouvement de pendule, un retour à l’austérité.
Selon Delécluze, le terme Rococo fut inventé vers 1797 en dérision par Pierre-Maurice Quays, élève de Jacques-Louis David, maître à penser du mouvement des Barbus et chantre d’un classicisme poussé a l’extrême. Il serait une association des termes rocaille et Baroco. Le terme garda longtemps son aspect péjoratif avant d’être accepté par les historiens d’art vers le milieu du XIXe siècle.
Encore aujourd’hui, son apparence de frivolité et sa décoration parfois chargée et colorée en fait un style souvent considéré comme vulgaire.
Le dadaïsme, dit aussi dada est un mouvement intellectuel, littéraire et esthétique d'avant-garde qui, entre 1916 et 1925, se caractérisa par une mise en cause de toutes les conventions et contraintes idéologiques, artistiques, cinématographiques, politiques.
Il fut l'un des mouvements artistiques internationaux parmi les plus importants et peut être le plus novateur du XXe siècle. La majeure partie des plus grands artistes de ce siècle y sont passés (voir 1) ou ont été influençés par lui (voir 2).
Ce mouvement a mis en avant l'esprit d'enfance, le rejet de la raison et de la logique, l'extravangance, la dérision et l'humour. Ses artistes se voulaient irrespectueux, extravagants, avec un mépris total pour les vieilleries du passé et recherchaient la plus grande liberté de créativité pour laquelle ils utilisèrent tous les matériaux et formes disponibles. Ils cherchaient aussi cette liberté particulièrement dans le langage qu'ils aimaient lyrique et hétéroclite.
The Royal Fusiliers
The Royal Fusiliers (City of London Regiment) was a regiment in the British Army.
It was formed as a Fusilier regiment in 1685 by Lord Dartmouth, George Legge, from two companies of the Tower of London guard, and was originally called the Ordnance Regiment. Most regiments were equipped with matchlock muskets at the time, but the Ordnance Regiment were armed with Fusils. This was because their task was to be an escort for the artillery, for which matchlocks would have carried the risk of igniting the barrels of gunpowder.